Short-term memory

Domain : Symptoms

Category : Learn more

Simplified definition

A type of memory that allows us to keep in mind seven items at one time for a few seconds

Source: Houria Aiouaz, for Alzheimer Foundation

Referenced definition

“The reproduction, recognition, or recall of a limited amount of material after a [short] period […]. ”

Source: American Psychology Association. Short-term memory (STM). [Internet]. [cited on Sept 7, 2022]. 

Context

“A short-term memory‘s conversion to long-term memory requires the passage of time, which allows it to become resistant to interference from competing stimuli or disrupting factors such as injury or disease.”

Source: Scientific American. How does short-term memory work in relation to long-term memory? Are short-term daily memories somehow transferred to long-term storage while we sleep. [Internet]. Sept 26, 2007 [cited on Sept 7, 2022]. 

Note

  • The brain is like a computer with a hard disk to save information.
  • Short-term memory enables, for instance, to keep in mind a phone number to dial it or to do mental arithmetic.

Synonym(s)

Working memory

Abbreviation(s)

STM

Short-term memory : RELATED DEFINITIONS

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