Executive functions

Domain : Symptoms

Category : Learn more

Simplified definition

Refers to our abilities to plan, manage our daily life, focus attention, and adapt to the environment.

Source: Houria Aiouaz, for Alzheimer Foundation

Referenced definition

“Executive functions (EFs) include high-order cognitive abilities such as working memory, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility, planning, reasoning, and problem solving.”

Source: Cristofori I, Cohen-Zimerman S, Grafman J. Executive functions. Handbook of Clinical Neurology. 2019;163:197-219.

 

Context

Executive function and self-regulation skills depend on three types of brain function: working memory, mental flexibility, and self-control. These functions are highly interrelated, and the successful application of executive function skills requires them to operate in coordination with each other.”

Source: Center of the Developing Child – Harvard University. Executive Function & Self-Regulation. [Internet]. [cited on Sept 7, 2022].

Note

  • This term is mainly used in the plural form.

Synonym(s)

Executive control / Cognitive control

Abbreviation(s)

EFs

Executive functions : RELATED DEFINITIONS

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